New Urban Area in the Old Countryside: Community Risk Governance of the “Newly-Increased Space” in the City
【Abstract】 With the rapid process of the construction of urbanization, China’s city clusters and the peripheries of central citieshave emerged large area of"newly-increased spaces", which is easy to become"risk-focused areas"because they are located inurban-rural integration areas having complex population structure and integration of urban & rural civilizations, so a lot of risksand contradictions put pressure on communities. The result of the survey shows that new urban area originated from the old coun-tryside is faced with such risks: the difficulty of integrating new urban citizens with the urban; the crisis of mutual harm among therights of all governance subjects; the mess of the hysteresis of community governance, etc. From the perspective of seamless gov-ernment and holistic governance, it can be concluded that the community risk of the newly-increased space in the city is the con-centrated bursts in the downstream community for the problem of the upstream government’s lack of duties and responsibilities,and the community governance is faced with"double vulnerabilities", i.e."the separation among governmental duties and respon-sibilities"and"the disconnection between government and society". In order to promote community governance, the seamless sys-tem of duty and responsibility, i.e."the land examination and approval in the earlier period — the quality supervision in the medi-um period — the community administration and self-government in the later period", should be built, and the holistic governancebetween government and society should be also reinforced.
【Key words】 Urbanization； Community Risk； Establishment of Districts Instead of Revocation of Counties； Holistic Governance；